The physical security infrastructure system is one of the most important aspects of the data center design. When it comes to that implementation, there are certain best practices that need to be followed in order to ensure the security is both effective and also compliant. These include the following:
View it In Layers
Physical security of the datacenter design is very similar to the information security. As a result, it is important that this is viewed in layers. The primary access to the facility is the access control and this should serve as the first line of defense. The primary keys to the facility should be based on security safeguards which cannot be shared easily such as biometric access. There is datacenter technology for the access control that can even couple the key card with the biometrics through difficult to duplicate signals such as the retinal recognition or fingerprints.
Apart from these two, it is also possible to add a third layer of access control such as a pin code through data center technology. It is also advisable to install a CCTV surveillance system at all the access points to the facility. This can be used both for the real-time surveillance as well as for the diagnosis of the past events. The access list to the facility should be updated on a regular basis. Only those with business in the facility should be provided access. If a job role changes for a particular staff member and they are no longer needed at the facility, the access should be revoked immediately.
It is Important to be Aware of the Surroundings
Data centres should not be constructed against outside walls in order to offer additional protection layer against several threats. When building the facility, you should also be mindful of what is above the facility. This is an especially important consideration for the datacenters constructed in multi-floor buildings. Every environment in which the facility is situated has different risk levels.
Watch the People You Hire
The biggest threat to any data centre facility is generally from within and not from the outside. It could be due to carelessness, incompetence, social engineering or even sabotage. The people that work at the facility should be trained to stick to the datacenter security policy 100%. These security policies must be strictly enforced at the facility.
Still on the people issue, the staff members must be trained properly on how to ensure a sound physical security policy at the facility.
Carry Out Regular Internal Security Edits
This is a procedural step that can have huge ramifications for the security of the datacenter design. Regular audits must be carried out in order to ensure that the facility is meeting all the compliance requirements. There is a need for regular internal audits and checks as well as external audits. IT managers can hire outside firms in order to carry out assessments on the state of security of the data centre technology. This is one of the best ways to ensure the facility against physical infrastructure security issues.